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Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Short Essay


Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Short Essay

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Short Essay

Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar was an eminent social reformer of modern India, a crusader of civic and legal rights of the Depressed class, a well-known freedom fighter and a constitutional expert. He was born on April 14, 1891 in Mahar caste, the then Hindu untouchable caste in Madhya Pradesh. His father Ramji Mahoji Sakpal was a soldier in the Indian army.


Dr. Ambedkar cleared his matriculation from Bombay (now Mumbai) in 1908 AD. He married Rambai in 1905 AD. After his secondary education, he attained his Graduation degree in 1912 from Elphinstone College, Bombay. He attained his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University. London University decorated him with D.Sc. degree. His wife Rambai passed away in 1935. After her death, Dr. Ambedkar married Dr. Sharada Kabir of Bombay in 1948.


Dr. Ambedkar dedicated his entire life to the upliftment of the Depressed class and weaker sections of society. He made relentless efforts to eradicate miserable and poor conditions of lower castes and a depressed class of the then society. He propagated his ideas of social equality, upliftment of the untouchables and eradication of illiteracy in his newspapers Mooknayaka and Bahishkrit Bharat. The main objective of his ‘Samaj Samta Sangh’ was to eradicate the evil of untouchability from Hindu society. In December 1927, he successfully led the ‘Mahad Satyagraha’ to ensure the civic rights of untouchables of drawing water from public wells.


He also made hard efforts for separate electorate to the Depressed Class and weaker sections of society. His efforts ultimately came out in as the Poona Pact between Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Ambedkar. He also effectively raised the voice for the Depressed Class in the three Round Table Conferences as he took part in all the three Round Table conferences. In brief he was a lifelong crusader of the Depressed Class. Dr. Ambedkar passed away on December 6, 1956 in Delhi.

Some Important Points

No:1. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is popularly known as ‘Babasaheb’.

No:2. He launched the Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha in July 1924 AD in Bombay with an objective of upliftment of the untouchables in India.

No:3. In 1936, he founded the Independent Labour Party.

No:4. He also became the first law minister of independent India.

No:5. Being a top legal and constitutional expert of that time, he also served as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly.

No:6. He embraced Buddhism in October, 1956.

No:7. The Buddha and His Dhamma, Who were the Shudras? and Annihilation of Castes were famous

books penned by him.

No:8. He was conferred Bharat Ratna, the top civilian award of India posthumously in 1990.

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