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Short Essay on C. Rajagopalachari' in English


Short Essay on C. Rajagopalachari' in English

Short Essay on C. Rajagopalachari' in English

Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari was a luminary figure of the Indian freedom movement. He played a pivotal role in India’s freedom from cruel British rule. He was born on December 10, 1878 in Thorapalli in Madras Presidency of British India (Presently in Tamil Nadu) in an Iyengar

family. Chakravarthi Venkatarayan was his father.


After completion of his early education, Rajagopalachari attained his Graduation degree in 1894 from the Central College, Bengaluru. He received a degree in Law from the Presidency College, Madras in 1897 AD. He remained very disappointed due to the miserable conditions of his fellow countrymen under the cruel British rule.


He started taking interest in the nationalist movement. He became active in politics and later he was elected as the chairman of Salem municipality in 1917. After joining the Indian National Congress, he took an active part in the Anti-Rowlatt movement. Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy and political ideas immensely inspired Rajagopalachari and he became his follower. He gave complete support to Gandhiji’s Non-Cooperation Movement. Soon Rajagopalachari emerged as a leading figure in the INC. He was elected to the Congress Working Committee in 1921. In 1922, he emerged as the main leader of the ‘No Changers’ group in the Congress.


This Group rejected the idea of contesting elections for the Imperial Legislative Council set up under the Government of India Act, 1919. He was also a social reformer as he vehemently opposed the evil of untouchability in the Indian society. He led campaigns for it. He was the main leader of the Vaikom Satyagraha against the untouchability during 1924-25. He was sent behind bars for taking active part in the Salt Satyagraha in Tamil Nadu.


He became the Chief Minister of Madras in 1937 after C. Rajagopalachari his party got success in elections held under the Government of India Act 1935. He quit the Congress Party in 1942 for not accepting the Cripps formula. He also proposed the famous C.R Formula for Congress-Muslim League cooperation. He became the Governor of West Bengal after independence. He also served as the first and only Indian Governor-General of India from 1948 to 1950. After Sardar Patel’s death, he became the Union Home Minister for 10 months. He again became the Chief Minister of Madras in 1952. He quit the Congress in 1957 again and formed the Swatantra Party in 1959 as Murari Vaidya and Minoo Masani were the other prominent leaders of the Party. C. Rajagopalachari was one of those freedom fighters who witnessed the historic dawn of India’s freedom. He passed away on December 25, 1972.

Some Important Points

No:1. Rajagopalachari was generally referred to as Rajaji.

No:2. He also served as the Minister for Industry, Supply, Education and Finance in the Interim Government led by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1946.

No:3. He got Bharat Ratna, the top civilian honour of India in 1954.

No:4. He also wrote a Tamil version of the Ramayan which came out in a series form in the Tamil magazine ‘Kalki’.

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