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Who is Lord Parshvanath?


Who is Lord Parshvanath?

Who is Lord Parshvanath?

Lord Parshvanath was the 23rd Tirthankara out of total of 24 Tirthankaras in Jain religion. The first Tirthankara was Lord Adinath also known as Rishabhadeva. Lord Mahavira was the 24th and last Tirthankara of Jainism. Mahavira Swami completed the teachings and principles of Jain religion.


Like Mahavira Swami, Lord Parshvanath was also a historical figure in ancient India. He was born in a royal family of Benaras (Varanasi). King Ashvasen was his father and his mother’s name was Queen Vama. Lord Parshvanath gained immense popularity and love among common people for his benevolent behavior and kindhearted nature. He was married to Prabhavati, a princess and daughter of King Naravarman. Being a man of pious ideas and a spiritual mind, Lord Parshvanath had no interest in worldly affairs. At the young age of 30, he became an ascetic, renouncing worldly pleasures and luxurious life as a prince. He started his journey in search of truth. After deep meditation of 83 days, Lord Parshvanath attained Kevalam, the truth and pure knowledge.


His teachings and ideas largely shaped the religious structure of Jainism. Prof. Jacobi considers Lord Parshvanath as the actual founder of Jainism. Lord Parshvanath dedicated his entire life for the spread of the pious ideas and teachings of Jainism. He had eight Ganas and eight Gandharas. He passed away at the age of 100 years at Mount Sammeta, near Giridih in present day Jharkhand. It is widely believed that he lived about the 8th century BC.

Some Important Points

No:1. Serpent was the holy symbol of Lord Parshvanath.

No:2. Lord Parshvanath gave four fundamental principles of Jainism. These principles are—Ahimsa (Non-violence), Satya (Truthfulness), Asteya (Non-stealing) and Aparigraha (Non-possession).

No:3. Lord Mahavira added new and fifth teaching of Brahmacharya (Continence) to the four teachings of Lord Parshvanath.

Suggested : Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Short Essay

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