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Surendranath Banerjee first ICS Essay


Surendranath Banerjee first ICS Essay

Surendranath Banerjee first ICS Essay

Surendranath Banerjee was a prominent nationalist leader and freedom fighter from Bengal. He was born on November 10, 1848 AD in Calcutta (now Kolkata) in a Brahmin family. His father Durga Charan Banerjee was a doctor and a man of liberal and progressive ideas.

After his early education, Surendranath Banerjee completed his Graduation in English literature from Calcutta University. He successfully competed in the Indian Civil Services Examination which was a very difficult competition even for many able Indians due to the discrimination of the British Government against Indians. But Surendranath got final success in it despite many hurdles. He joined the Service in India as Assistant Magistrate at Sylhet. But soon he was fired on some trivial pretext from the service as the British government was not ready to accept any Indian on such a higher post.

Now Surendranath Banerjee realised the problems and plight of his fellow countrymen under callous and cruel British rule and decided to raise their voices. He founded the Indian National Association in 1876 AD along with Anandmohan Bose, another prominent Indian leader of that time. He later merged the organization into the Indian National Congress. He made relentless efforts for the upliftment of his fellow Indians. He was elected the President of the Congress twice in 1895 in Poona and in 1902 in Ahmedabad sessions. At the time of the partition of Bengal in 1905, he denounced the British government decision and led campaigns for the rollback of this decision. After a lifelong fight for his country against British rule, he passed away on August 6, 1925 AD.

Some Important Points

No:1. Surendranath Banerjee emerged successful in the Indian Civil services Examination in 1871.

No:2. Apart from the Indian National Association, he also founded the Indian National Liberation Federation.

No:3. He propagated his nationalistic ideas through his paper ‘Bengalee’ which he launched in the English language.

No:4. ‘A Nation in Making’ was a famous book penned by him.

No:5. The British government accorded him the title of Knight in 1921, making him Sir Surendranath Banerjee.

No:6. Surendranath Banerjee is popularly known as ‘Rashtraguru’. He is also referred to as ‘the uncrowned king of India’.

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